Historic homes possess a charm and character that newer constructions often need to improve. However, maintaining these homes can be challenging, especially when it comes to energy efficiency and sustainability. Eco-friendly renovations can provide a solution by preserving the historical integrity while making the homes more sustainable. Here’s a comprehensive guide to sustainable makeovers for historic homes.

1. Identify Energy Inefficiencies

Assessment: The first step in any renovation project is to understand where improvements are needed. Conducting an energy audit can help identify areas where the home is losing energy. Common issues in historic homes include drafty windows, poor insulation, and outdated heating systems.


  • Double-Glazed Windows: Historic homes often have single-pane windows that could be more energy efficient. Double-glazed windows matching the original design provide better insulation, reduce heat loss, and maintain the home’s aesthetic appeal. Modern replicas can be crafted to look indistinguishable from the originals while offering superior energy performance.
  • Improved Insulation: Many historic homes were built before modern insulation standards were established. Adding insulation to walls, attics, and floors can significantly improve energy efficiency. Materials such as cellulose, which is made from recycled paper, or sheep’s wool are sustainable options. These materials not only provide excellent insulation but also have low environmental impacts.
  • Modern Heating Systems: Replacing old boilers and HVAC systems with energy-efficient models can enhance comfort and reduce energy consumption. Modern systems are designed to be more efficient and can significantly lower heating and cooling costs. Additionally, using programmable thermostats can help optimise heating and cooling schedules based on occupancy patterns, further enhancing energy savings.

2. Choose Eco-Friendly Materials

Sustainable Options: When renovating a historic home, it is crucial to choose sustainable materials. These materials have a lower environmental impact and often offer better performance.


  • Bamboo Flooring: Bamboo grows quickly and is a highly renewable resource. It’s also durable and aesthetically pleasing. Bamboo flooring is available in various styles and finishes, making it a versatile choice for different rooms in the home.
  • Reclaimed Wood: Using reclaimed wood for flooring, beams, or furniture reduces the demand for new timber and gives the home a unique character. Reclaimed wood often has a rich patina and unique imperfections that add to the historic charm of the home.
  • Recycled Glass Tiles: These tiles can be used in bathrooms and kitchens and are made from recycled glass, reducing waste. They come in a variety of colours and designs, allowing homeowners to create unique and visually appealing spaces.

3. Incorporate Renewable Energy Sources

Solar Panels: Installing solar panels can significantly reduce a home’s reliance on non-renewable energy sources. While historic homes often have architectural restrictions, there are ways to incorporate solar technology discreetly. Solar panels can be installed on less visible roof areas or integrated into the landscape to minimise visual impact.

Other Options:

  • Geothermal Heating: Using the earth’s natural heat to regulate the home’s temperature provides a highly efficient heating solution. Geothermal systems can be more expensive to install initially but offer significant savings over time due to their efficiency and low operating costs.
  • Wind Turbines: In suitable locations, small wind turbines can effectively generate renewable energy. Wind turbines can be integrated into the property in a way that complements the historic setting.

4. Enhance Water Efficiency

Fixtures: Updating fixtures to low-flow options can reduce water usage without compromising performance.


  • Low-Flow Faucets and Showerheads: These fixtures reduce water flow but maintain pressure, helping to conserve water. They are available in designs that match the period style of historic homes.
  • Dual-Flush Toilets: These toilets offer two flush options, using less water for liquid waste and more for solid waste. Dual-flush systems are highly effective in reducing water consumption.


  • Rainwater Harvesting: Collecting rainwater for irrigation and other non-potable uses reduces demand for municipal water supplies. Rainwater harvesting systems can be designed to blend seamlessly with the property’s historic aesthetics.
  • Greywater Recycling: This system reuses water from sinks, showers, and washing machines for landscaping or toilet flushing. Greywater systems are environmentally friendly and can significantly reduce water usage.

5. Improve Indoor Air Quality

Ventilation: Proper ventilation is essential to reduce indoor air pollutants and maintain a healthy living environment. Historic homes often lack modern ventilation systems, leading to poor air quality.


  • Low-VOC Paints: Traditional paints contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can harm indoor air quality. Using low-VOC or zero-VOC paints reduces this risk. These paints are available in a wide range of colours, allowing homeowners to maintain their homes’ historical colour schemes.
  • Natural Finishes: Opt for natural oils and waxes instead of synthetic finishes for woodwork and floors. Natural finishes are safer for the environment and enhance the beauty of the wood.

6. Preserve Historic Character

Respect Original Design: Maintaining the architectural integrity of a historic home is paramount. This means respecting the original design and materials as much as possible.

Replicas and Restorations:

  • Windows and Doors: Use replicas of original windows and doors that incorporate modern energy-efficient technologies. This approach preserves the historic look while improving performance.
  • Architectural Details: Preserve or restore original features such as mouldings, fireplaces, and flooring, integrating modern materials where necessary to improve performance. Skilled craftsmen can replicate intricate details to match the original design.

7. Adopt Smart Home Technology

Automation: Integrating smart home technologies can optimise energy use and improve comfort.


  • Smart Thermostats: These devices learn your schedule and adjust heating and cooling for maximum efficiency. They can be controlled remotely, allowing homeowners to manage energy use even when they are away.
  • Lighting Controls: Smart lighting systems allow you to control lights remotely, set schedules, and reduce energy use. They can be programmed to mimic the natural lighting patterns in the home, enhancing comfort and energy efficiency.

8. Sustainable Landscaping

Native Plants: Using native plants in landscaping reduces the need for water and maintenance. Native plants are adapted to the local climate and soil conditions, making them more resilient and easier to care for.

Water Management:

  • Rain Gardens: These gardens are designed to absorb and filter rainwater, reducing runoff and promoting groundwater recharge. They can be incorporated into the landscape design to enhance the property’s beauty and functionality.
  • Permeable Paving: Permeable materials allow water to seep into the ground, reducing runoff and erosion. Permeable paving is an excellent choice for driveways and walkways, helping to manage stormwater effectively.

What’s Next?

Eco-friendly renovations for historic homes require a careful balance between preserving the past and embracing sustainable practices. By addressing energy inefficiencies, choosing sustainable materials, incorporating renewable energy sources, enhancing water efficiency, improving indoor air quality, preserving historical character, adopting smart home technology, and practising sustainable landscaping, homeowners can create environmentally responsible homes that stand the test of time.

These sustainable makeovers not only reduce the environmental impact but also enhance the comfort, efficiency, and value of historic homes. Embracing these practices ensures that historic homes remain livable, sustainable, and cherished for future generations.